The area known as north India shares major borders with Pakistan, China, Tibet, Bhutan and Nepal. This northern zone extends through the Thar Desert and is bounded by the Himalayas. This region includes the states of Punjab, Delhi, Uttaranchal, Uttar Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan. The geographical position of these states make the climate in northern India different from other parts of the country. Overall, northern India tends to be cooler than the other regions.
Summer in northern India spans from May through June with high temperatures reaching the neighborhood of 105 degrees Fahrenheit/40 degrees Celsius. The Thar Desert area is predictably hot, but mountainous areas may provide some comparative relief. During this season, consecutive days of intense sun and heat can be expected. July through September is India’s monsoon season. Weather can be inconsistent and there may be instances of extremely dense fog.
Temperatures in October and November are more pleasantly moderate, providing the perfect backdrop for northern India’s many festivals. Winter months can be cold and warrant warm clothing. Low temperatures last from December to March. During the winter months, snowfall and subzero temperatures can be expected in the northern region. India’s climate varies dramatically by location, so be sure to pack appropriately for the destination and time of year.